People suffering from gout attacks often report eating the same three foods “a few days before”
Arthritis can be divided into several inflammatory conditions that affect various joints in the body. Pain in the big toe usually indicates gout caused by the accumulation of sharp crystals. Often, patients who suffer from these attacks report eating one of the three foods in the days leading up to the flare-up.
Usually caused by hyperuricemia, gout tends to affect people who have above-average levels of uric acid in their bodies.
However, only patients suffering from the accumulation of sharp crystals in the joints, known as gout, need treatment for hyperemia.
There are several factors that increase the likelihood of developing hyperuricemia, the two main ones being male gender and obesity.
Having certain medical conditions also causes an unhealthy increase in uric acid, but managing this reduces the risk of gout complications.
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Lifestyle is the third major factor influencing the condition, especially diet.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, foods high in fructose and purines are strongly associated with gout attacks.
The National Center for Biotechnology Information reports: “Some research suggests that certain foods are associated with gout attacks.
“Gout attacks seem to occur more often in people who have eaten a lot of meat, fish or seafood in the days before. This is consistent with the experience of many people.
“People who are clinically diagnosed with gout are often advised to follow a strict low-incisor diet, but there is little evidence to support the effectiveness of these rules.
“[…] Purine-rich plant foods such as peas, beans, lentils, spinach, mushrooms, oats, cauliflower, and broccoli have been found to have little or no effect on the risk of a gout attack,” adds the National Center for Biotechnology Information.
“Overall, there haven’t been many food quality studies done to find the link between certain foods and gout attacks.”
The body metabolizes purines differently from different foods, so not all purine-rich foods can be considered a risk factor for gout.
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Once purine enters the body, uric acid, which is primarily produced within the body, is released to help break down the molecule.
The crystals that make up uric acid tend to accumulate in the joints if there is not enough fluid in the surrounding tissues.
How common is gout?
According to the NHS, one to two out of every 100 people in the UK have gout.
In a large number of these patients, the symptoms are concentrated in the joint of the big toe.
The NHS states that any joint can be attacked, but those at the ends of the limbs, such as the toes, ankles, knees and fingers, are usually the first to be affected.
In addition to causing pain, the joint may be hot and tender to the touch.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are usually recommended to relieve symptoms, but lifestyle changes can go a long way in preventing future attacks.
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