Until a few months ago, one of the motives for buying electric cars was three to four times lower driving costs.
However, the sharp rise in the price of electricity makes the use of “diesel” cheaper by a third compared to more modern competition.
Thus, the buyer of the electric car found himself in a situation not only to pay twice as much for the new vehicle in relation to the price of diesel cars, but also the price of using the electric car is significantly higher than the cost of riding an internal combustion engine. This seriously calls into question the strategy of replacing classic vehicles with more modern and more environmentally friendly cars. If compared to “gasoline”, the result of the comparison would be even more unfavorable for electric cars, writes the portal 021.rs.
The example with Croatia is illustrative, where the charging of public charging stations starts on Monday. ELEN, a specialized segment of the Croatian Electricity Company (HEP), has set prices for the charging of its charging stations, and there are 31 of them, and they are mainly concentrated on the most important routes. Prices are slightly lower than the European average and depend on the power of the charging station and the charging speed of the electric car battery. In each variant there is a night price which is almost 20 percent lower than the daily.
Thus, in charging stations up to 22 kW, the price is 0.36 euros per kWh, and 0.28 at night. At charging stations with power from 22 to 50 kW, the night price is 0.385, at the stronger ones from 50 kW the price is 0.58 euros. Charging time is limited: 180 minutes for the weakest, 60 minutes for the medium strong and 45 minutes for the strongest. If it is exceeded, 0.14 euros is paid for each additional minute. Of course, before you go to the charging station, you should follow the appropriate mobile application to time the arrival in order to wait in line as little as possible.
ELEN tested the system two weeks before it started charging. Thus, an electric vehicle that consumes about 22 kWh per 100 kilometers, which is a common case, can charge the battery in less than half an hour at night on the most powerful charger, and the price is around 13 euros. At the same time, a counterpart of diesel fuel, a business vehicle with a six-cylinder engine, consumes about six liters of fuel per 100 kilometers, which costs 9.1 euros.
It turns out that driving an electric car is up to 50 percent more expensive than driving a classic car, so in Croatia, even before the official start of the collection of electricity consumption for cars, many wonder why they would buy a more modern vehicle. It is common to be environmentally friendly and “in trend”, but the electric car is about twice as expensive, and the cost of use is almost 50 percent higher. After all, for many the price of driving, announced for years as three or four times lower than “diesel” is an insurmountable obstacle.
They thought that in 10 years they would get back what they paid for the purchase, but now it turns out that they will not succeed, but the cost of use will be significantly higher. In addition, the charging station is small, so testing has shown that you need to constantly be on the right application, follow the scheduled battery charge time, and be constantly prepared.
HEP responded that the price of electricity on the stock exchanges has increased dramatically and many times more in the last quarter, but that a significant reduction is expected in a year or two. Battery charging prices are in line with current electricity prices, and if they opted for a cheaper option, the big question is whether other carrier-motivated operators in other European countries would even start their own charging station chain.
Charging at home
But, according to HEP experts, there is a solution for current and future electric car drivers and it is based on the fact that the night price of electricity from domestic installations is only 0.07 euros per kWh. The proposal is to charge the batteries of vehicles at home at night, while at public charging stations they would be charged only if the distances are longer than 270 km, which can be passed on average with a 60 kW battery, reports the portal Business and Finance.
They remind that the efficiency of the diesel engine is 33, and of the electric one even 90 percent of the total potential. Because a liter of diesel has a potential of 9 kWh, it realizes only 3.1 kWh, compared to nine in electric cars. Given that the price of diesel is around 1.4 euros, it turns out that driving an electric car is cheaper as soon as the price of electricity is below 0.35 euros. In general, due to the significantly higher engine efficiency, the cost of a more modern car should be at least two and a half times lower.
However, the drastic increase in prices in the autumn has called into question the logic of the people in the Croatian public company for production, transport and distribution of electricity. Price, however, is not (only) a matter of technological rationality, but is primarily a market category and mostly depends on the relationship between supply and demand.