We want to think that, as a society, we are always making significant strides forward in terms of technological advancement, equality, and overall socioeconomic equity. The fact that we are able to treat an increasing number of diseases is another another area in which we have reason to feel a special sense of pride, particularly in the past few decades. The world, however, is reportedly about to enter a phase in which it will roll back all of this development, and the reason for this is entirely down to the actions of human beings.
Antibiotics are one of the most prevalent types of medication, and its mechanism of action consists in the death of bacteria in order to stop the germs from spreading. They are anti-bio, which is another way of saying they are anti-life in their most fundamental form.
Having said that, this does have certain unintended consequences. You need to understand that just as your immune system strengthens after being exposed to a virus, so does a virus’s immune system after being exposed to a drug.
This is something that is taking place all across the world right now with a variety of diseases that are becoming resistant to antibiotics.
All of this, by the way, is what General Practitioner Dr. Bryony Henderson of Livi has told Express.co.uk. Dr. Henderson was speaking to Express.co.uk about how significant the threat is and what we can do to combat it.
However, before we explore ways in which we might slow down the progression of antibiotic resistance, it is more relevant to first discuss the conditions that are in the crosshairs of antibiotic resistance. According to Dr. Henderson, “As antimicrobials are becoming less effective against strains of bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi, sometimes known as superbugs, we are seeing a growing list of common infectious diseases becoming more difficult to treat, and in some cases, treatment is no longer possible.”
To name just a few, they can include tuberculosis, pneumonia, gonorrhea, HIV, malaria, fungal infections, and even some foodborne disorders.
Therefore, if this pattern continues, it is possible that further illnesses will no longer be curable. This is especially concerning with regard to the gonorrhea infection.
A gonorrhea infection that is left untreated can result in a variety of significant problems, particularly for female patients.
Symptoms of the condition in women include: • An unusual vaginal discharge • Pain or a burning sensation when urinating • Pain or tenderness in the area of the lower abdomen • Bleeding between periods, heavier periods, and bleeding after sex • Bleeding after sex, bleeding between periods, and bleeding between periods
The primary risks that women face pertain not only to their own health but also to the health of any potential children they may have.
According to the National Health Service (NHS), gonorrhea can raise the risk of having an unplanned abortion, going into labor and giving birth prematurely, and the infant being born with an eye ailment known as conjunctivitis.
In addition, if the affected youngster is not promptly provided with antibiotic treatment, this can result in irreversible vision loss and blindness.
However, the condition can also affect men, and they are more likely to spread it to other people if they are unaware that they have it or if it becomes untreatable in the future. The symptoms that men experience include an unusual penile discharge, pain or a burning sensation when they urinate, swelling of the foreskin, and (very rarely) pain or tenderness in the testicles.
The question that is currently being posed by a significant number of specialists is as follows: “What if there are no antibiotics to treat them?”
To that aim, there are a number of different actions that we may take, as well as some encouraging news coming from the medical community.
According to Dr. Henderson, “Reducing AMR is a Complex Problem to Solve and Requires a Multi-Industry Approach Across Society” (Reducing AMR Is a Complex Problem to Solve and Requires a Multi-Industry Approach Across Society) The healthcare industry, policy and legislation, and The good news is that there are individual actions that each of us may take to lessen the impact of antimicrobial resistance.
“For example, you should only take antibiotics if your doctor prescribes them to you, and they should only be used as a last resort where an infection is unlikely to clear up without antibiotics (for example, a Urinary Tract Infection that keeps recurring), or where it could carry a risk of more serious complications. “”For example, you should only take antibiotics if your doctor prescribes them to you. And they should only be used as a last resort where an infection is unlikely to clear up
“Antibiotics are not something that should be shared or used after they have expired. In point of fact, if a doctor prescribes antibiotics for you, you must always complete the full course of medication, even if you begin to feel better.
Additionally, Express.co.uk questioned whether or not it would be able to create new medications to fight the newly discovered bugs. Concerning this topic, Dr. Henderson had the following to say: “Innovation and investment into developing new antibiotic drugs that are effective against superbugs will remain an ongoing priority. However, despite advancements in medicine, none are yet expected to be effective against the most serious forms of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.”
“While research and development are still going on, the most important thing to do is make smart use of the defenses we now have,”
Concerns regarding antibiotic resistance have been voiced to the Express by a number of health officials, Dr. Henderson being just one of them. In January, Dr. Mike Galsworthy stated that “antibiotic resistance” was one of the most significant challenges that the world was facing.
He went on to say that “this has been a huge threat for a long time that people haven’t taken nearly as seriously as they should.” It’s a race between us and whatever germs can develop resistance to our medicines, and it’s a race that we’re losing.
In addition, Dr. Galsworthy suggested that the extensive use of antibiotics of a particular industry was one of the factors that contributed to the rapid rise in antibiotic resistance: “A major thing is actually not with humans, but with farming.” There is an excessive amount of usage of antibiotics in farming, just at low level doses in order to ensure that no problems would occur, which enables farmers in many locations to overcrowd their animals and so on and so forth.
Concerning the repercussions of this, Dr. Galsworthy mentioned that they could be disastrous, saying, “If you have, for example, a new avian flu that has come out of poultry farms in South America or Asia somewhere and then go around humans and we try to use antibiotics but they’re the antibiotics that they’ve just developed a resistance to, then we really are screwed.”
On the other hand, he shared Dr. Henderson’s pessimistic outlook towards the future, stating, “The greatest way to battle that is to minimize our usage of antibiotics for trivial reasons…to establish that last line of defense which is underused and wind down wasteful mass use.”