DOCTORS ADVISE: What to do when your child gets flu and how to protect it

Children in kindergartens or schools are more likely to get the flu because staying indoors with more people allows the virus to be easily transmitted and therefore it is difficult to prevent droplet infection. The Covid-19 pandemic and the measures in place to prevent it can reduce to some extent the percentage of people who can become infected with the flu virus. However, children when it comes to this virus are much more contagious than adults and spread the flu virus longer, and are more often hospitalized for this disease than for other infectious diseases, usually up to two years old.

Pediatricians advise how to recognize the flu in children and how to protect them.


The flu usually develops much faster than the common cold and is accompanied by a very high fever. The child is very exhausted, disoriented, has a headache and muscle aches, which is not the case with the common cold. The common cold does not usually cause a fever, and if it does, it is not very high. The disease affects only the upper respiratory system, so the signs of the disease are milder and shorter. The leading sign is the secretion from the nose and cough, and there are no muscle pains and headaches like the flu.


The symptoms of the flu can vary from child to child, so if you suspect it is the flu, it is best to call a doctor. Streptococcal sore throat or pneumonia with symptoms may also resemble the flu or cold. The doctor may send the child for further tests to make sure it is a flu virus. This is done with a quick nose swab test.


If the child has the flu, he must rest. It is important to drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration due to fever. The temperature, say pediatricians, should be reduced with compresses and showers and exclusively with preparations for children, at a dose to be determined by the doctor.


The flu virus significantly weakens a child’s immunity, so recovery time takes about a month, which is much longer than a cold. Rest and increased fluid intake are most important so that the flu simply gets over.

  • The child’s nose must always be passable

With saline or hypertonic saline solution, clean your nose once or twice a day and you will ensure hygiene of the nasal cavity and prevent infection of the throat, ear and lungs.

  • Wash your hands with soap and water as often as possible

Ventilate your rooms often. Avoid taking children indoors or in crowded places, such as shopping malls.

Strengthen the immune system with a healthy and balanced diet with lots of soups, fruits, vegetables and stews. It will provide vitamins to the body and help it fight the infection effectively. Stay in the fresh air regardless of the cold weather.


Influenza as well as the common cold do not require antibiotics, says pediatrician Dr. Oscar Luchev. They are considered only in case of complications of the disease. The antibiotic only works on bacteria, not the viruses that cause colds, flu, most sore throats, sinusitis and coughs. Cough and sore throat in most cases are symptoms of viral infections and an antibiotic can not help treat or alleviate the symptoms. The antibiotic only helps if there is a bacterial superinfection, and in children it is usually otitis media or pneumonia.

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